Long term effect of Anabolic steroids
Anabolic steroids—sometimes referred to as “juice” or “roids”—are actually synthetic forms of the male hormone, testosterone. Technically, this group of substances is called anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS). These may be used legitimately to induce puberty or to help those suffering from wasting diseases like AIDS or cancer.
Aside from the people who are prescribed these substances for medical reasons, anabolics are abused by people looking to change their physical health, performance, and/or appearance. Common users of anabolic steroids include:
• Body builders looking to gain muscle.
• Athletes hoping to improve their skills.
• People trying to expedite recovery from an injury.
Short-Term Effects of Steroids
People who use and abuse anabolic steroids do so to improve physical performance and improve muscle growth. However, with intended improvements in strength and performance can come many unwanted short-term effects, which include:
• Mood swings.
• Decreased appetite.
• Trouble in sleeping.
• Decreased sperm count.
Long-Term Effects of Steroids
Many of the side effects of steroids can be seen from someone’s physical changes or through their behaviours. Some long-term effects of steroid abuse cannot be observed. Although steroid use does not trigger the same intense, immediate response in the brain as another substance like cocaine, it can create changes to the brain over time. These changes can impact the production and supply of certain chemicals called neurotransmitters.
These changes in the brain can lead to changes in mood and behaviour in the person. In the long-term, anabolic steroid abuse can cause:
• Anger and aggression (“roid rage”).
• Heart attack.
• Kidney failure.
• Tumours in the liver.
• Blood-borne diseases from injection use.
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