ANSWER THE FOLLOWING
1. System which provides a point – to – point rapid co ordination among organs is
2. Co ordination of this system is fast but short lived.
3. As the _____do not innervate all cells of the body and the cellular functions need to be continuously regulated ; a special kind of coordination and integration has to be provided . This function is carried out by ____
4. The system which regulates the functions that do not require instantaneous response and the effects persist for a relatively longer period is –
5. The system which regulates the functions that require instantaneous respond and the effects persist for a relatively short period is –
6. The system which are believed to be originated and developed side by side as the needs of communication became more complex due to increased complexity in body organisation , particular in mammals –
7. The ___ system and the ____ system jointly coordinate and regulate the physiological functions in the body.
8. Why the endocrine glands are called ductless glands ?
9. Secretions of endocrine glands are called ___
10. The ____ definition of hormone as a chemical produced by endocrine glands and released into the ___ and transported to a distantly located ____.
11. Current scientific definition as follows: Hormones are ___chemicals which act as ____ messengers and are produced in ___amounts.
12. The new current scientific definition covers a number of ___ in addition to the hormones secreted by the _____ endocrine glands.
13. ______ possess very simple endocrine systems with few hormones whereas a large number of chemicals act as hormones and provide coordination in the ____.
14. The endocrine glands and hormone producing diffused ___ /__ located
in different parts of our body constitute the endocrine system.
15. Pituitary, pineal, thyroid, adrenal, pancreas, parathyroid, thymus and gonads (testis in males and ovary in females)are considered as ___ in our body.
16. Structure of brain which is at the basal part of diencephalon, and regulates a wide spectrum of body functions.
17. ___ contain several groups of neuro secretory cells called ____ which produce hormones and it is located at the basal part of diencephalon.
18. Part of fore brain located below the thalamus is called
19. Hormones released by hypothalamus which stimulate the secretions of pituitary hormones are called ___
20. Hormones released by hypothalamus which inhibits the secretions of pituitary hormones are called ___
21. Transport of neuro hormones from hypothalamus to neuro hypophysis is possible by ___
22. A special system helpful for the transport of releasing hormones and inhibiting hormone from hypothalamus to anterior pituitary is ___
23. A hypothalamic hormone called ______stimulates the pituitary synthesis and release of gonadotrophins.
24. Homone released from the hypothalamus , which inhibits the secretion of pituitory growth hormone.
25. Releasing and inhibiting hormones of hypothalamus originating in the ___neurons , pass through ____ and are released from their nerve endings.
26. The _____is under the direct neural regulation of the hypothalamus
27. GHRH / somatocrinin is released from –
28. GHIH / somatotropin is released from –
29. STH/somatotropin is released from –
30. Somatocrinin and and somatostatin are transported to anterior pituitary with the help of –
31. Secretions of this part directly control the pituitary gland which in turn secretes hormones that regulate the growth and functioning of other endocrine glands –
32. Write the RELEASING HORMONES released from hypothalamus for the given hormones of anterior pituitary
A. GH B. FSH,LH C. TSH D. ACTH E. PRL F. MSH
33. Write the INHIBITING HORMONES released from hypothalamus for the given hormones of anterior pituitary
A. GH B. FSH,LH C. TSH D. ACTH E. PRL F. MSH
34. The pituitary gland is located in a bony cavity called _____ and is attached to hypothalamus by a stalk called _____
35. Pituitory gland is divided anatomically into an _____ and ______.
36. _______consists of two portions, pars distalis and pars intermedia.
37.The ¬¬¬¬¬¬______region of pituitary, commonly called anterior pituitary
38. Hormone of Pars intermedia of anterior pituitary
39. Hormones of Pars distalis of anterior pituitary
40. Lobe of anterior pituitary which is almost merged with pars distalis in human being
41. Lobes of anterior pituitary or Adenohypophysis
41. Lobes of posterior pituitary or neurohypophysis
42. Hormones which are actually synthesised by the hypothalamus and are transported axonally to neurohypophysis
43. Hormones of pituitory which are considered as gonadotophins.
44. Structure which is formed from the remnant of the graafian follicle after ovulation is __
45. Excess Loss of water through urine is called __
46. Location of pineal gland
47. Number of lobes in the thyroid gland